How to prevent mold in a house?
As previously mentioned, you cannot escape mold as it is a necessary part of the ecosystem. As a matter of fact, fungi make up 25% of the Earth’s biomass.
Although outdoor mold is not so harmful and it will not impact the quality of your life, indoor mold raises your risk of health problems. It is very important to understand that mold is allergenic, no matter which type it is. Luckily for us, not all types of mold are toxic. In order to keep mold from growing indoors, it is good to go back to how mold grows in the first place.
To start its life cycle, mold requires the following three things:
- spores(which are present in the air all the time),
- an organic food source (which can be something as simple as dust) and
- all forms of moisture (e.g. humidity, condensation, water vapor, floods, etc.).
The only effective strategy to prevent mold is to prevent moisture. Other measures you can take to ensure mold doesn’t invade your home include regular air quality tests and professional monitoring of indoor environment.
Where does humidity come from?
Humidity is a common form of moisture in homes and it refers to the amount of water vapor in the air. That being said, it is important to maintain proper humidity levels in your home to keep a healthy and mold-free environment.
Since mold loves moisture, high humidity environments (above 50%) provide one of the three main elements for mold to grow. Since low humidity environment can impact your health (for example, you can blame low level of humidity for having a sore throat), it is important to keep the level of humidity between 30-50%.
The level of humidity can be tested in two ways – either you will do it on your own with a hygrometer or you will call professionals to check the air quality in your home (which includes more than just a simple percentage check).
Once you have a good understanding of the humidity levels in your home, you are ready to take further steps to lower it down to the optimal level and keep it that way to prevent mold from growing.
Do not forget, both high and low level of humidity are harmful to your health. By controlling high level of humidity, you will control mold. In addition, by controlling low level, you will control your health.
Humidity can be caused by:
- Large quantities of water (such as floods or leaks)
- Daily activities (such as cooking, showering, drying clothes)
- Condensation which can appear due to differences in temperature between indoor and outdoor air.
Before you start wondering which daily activities you should or shouldn’t be doing, you should know that mold prevention is not about radical moves (such as stop cooking at your home), but about activities you should do to improve air circulation in your home.
How to prevent mold from growing on walls
The most common causes of mold growing on walls include:
- High humidity
- Water leaks
Moreover, we can also thank:
- Dust, dirt, & poor maintenance
- Inadequate ventilation
- Compromises in insulation
- An incorrect dew point
We explained humidity above, so it is time to devote a word or two to other two most common mold causes.
Condensation forms when water vapor in the air (the result of cooking or indoor clothes drying) meets cold surface (walls, windows…) and cools to become liquid. With enough moisture and an organic food source, you can see mold developing on your walls. The same goes for water leaks – leaking pipes near or inside the wall can lead to excess moisture, which in turn will cause mold to grow.
Identify the possible mold cause
In order to prevent mold from growing on your walls, it is important to think ahead. If mold grows because of excess liquid, then checking all pipes is something to start with. The actual mold prevention process can be as simple as checking and installing mold-resistant products or it may include waterproofing and roof fixing.
Whatever the problem is, the sooner it is discovered, the easier it will be to repair it. Both repairing and preventing steps can cost you some money today, but in the long run, it will surely be more costly if you let mold grow.
Dry wet walls immediately
Mold needs moisture to grow and the best way to prevent this from happening is to cut the liquid source from them. As soon as a pipe or roof leaks, wet materials, especially drywall which is high in cellulose, should be removed and replaced. If the leak is small and has access to fresh air (including sunlight too), you can let it dry out on its own by simply leaving the window open.
On the other hand, if you have problems with basement walls or with a lot of liquid (such as flood), the smartest move is to call professionals to dry out your walls quickly before they become home to mold. Timing is essential; thus, it is important to act as soon as the problem occurs.
Prevent mold with proper ventilation
Daily routines such as breathing, cooking, drying clothes and showering result in excess hot air in your home. When combined with cold walls – well, you know the result.
It is not expected from you to stop breathing or taking a shower, but what you can do is make sure that proper ventilation is installed in key rooms such as bathroom, laundry room and kitchen. If the weather allows you, open the windows every time you cook, take a shower or wash/dry your clothes. Moreover, you can also dry your clothes outside if the weather permits.
Check the humidity level regularly
The ideal humidity level in the house should be between 30% and 50%. A high level of humidity leads to excess moisture, which creates the perfect conditions for mold to develop. You can check the humidity level by yourself (e.g. pay attention to the signs of condensation) or you can ask professionals to check it for you.
In case your humidity level is high, professionals can immediately check for mold spores and even mold signs. In addition, mold removal experts will advise you on proper dehumidifiers and any additional steps needed to remove mold from your home.
How to prevent mold and mildew on windows
Mold on windows is often the result of condensation. It starts by growing at the bottom of the windows, where the glass meets the window frame, but it can also grow around window frames.
The main problem with mildew growing on windows is that people sometimes do not even notice they have it. Since mold is often darker, it is a lot easier to spot it than mildew. Even though mold typically doesn’t feed on windows themselves, it can easily destroy wooden frames of your windows.
Since mildew is more often seen on windows than mold, it is very important to get the discoloration tested out to determine what you are dealing with. Together with a mold or mildew test, mold experts will inform you about the best way to treat the problem you are dealing with in order to prevent its further growth.
Both mildew and mold on windows are the result of condensation; thus, to prevent mold, it is very important to stop the condensation itself from happening.
First things first, in both mildew and mold prevention processes, it is important to regularly ventilate your rooms. If the weather permits, keep your windows open to let fresh air dry the window frames. Pay special attention to kitchen and bathroom windows as steam can be one of the mildew and mold triggers.
Another thing you can do to prevent mold and mildew on your windows is set your air conditioning thermostats above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the ceiling vents open all the time to maintain proper indoor airflow and try to reduce the amount of time you dry your clothes indoors.
The influence of dust on mildew and mold growth is often overlooked. It is essential to regularly clean your home’s interior, especially window frames, to prevent mold and mildew from finding additional food sources of their growth.
If you are having problems with condensation, you can simply wipe down your windows and frames each morning since the difference between outdoors and indoors is the highest at night. If it is too cold for you to leave the windows open, you can induce airflow by opening two or more windows at the same time. In just 10 minutes, your indoor air will be fresh and your windows dry.