It is a common belief that dry mold is safe, but is this true? Yes and no. While mold spores won’t multiply without a source of moisture, they will re-activate and start growing once they come into contact with water again.
Not only does mold and mildew damage walls, tiles, carpets and other surfaces around the house, but it is capable of causing a multitude health issues. And although each person responds to mold differently, countless studies show that exposure to mold spores can trigger reactions that range from mildly allergenic to pathogenic and even toxigenic.
So what do you need to know about mold in order to prevent its growth and protect your health? Here is some basic information.
What does mold need in order to grow?
The truth is not much is needed for mold spores to grow out of control. Ideal conditions include lots of moisture and food. Indoor mold growth is fueled by moisture. This explains why mold is such a common problem in highly humid and damp areas like bathrooms and basements.
In addition to moisture, mold also needs nutrients, which it finds in a variety of materials like paper, wood, drywall or any organic material. More information available in our article about causes of mold growth.
Do mold spores die without moisture?
As mentioned above, the crucial requirement for mold growth is the presence of moisture. Without a constant supply of water, mold will “go to sleep”. However, the spores never actually “die” considering that they can come back to life once more moisture becomes available. Depending on the type of mold, some spores can remain dormant for hundreds of years under the right circumstances.
That is why it is not enough to simply eliminate humidity if you have an active mold problem. The mold spores (as well as any contaminated materials) need to be eradicated if you don’t want the mold to grow back.
Keep in mind that mold can start to develop between 24 and 48 hours of a material getting wet. It will continue growing until it is eliminated (the moisture problem remedied and the mold-contaminated materials removed). If you want to prevent the mold from growing in the first place, ensure that you dry any wet materials within 24 hours.
What happens to mold when it dries out?
Once mold spores dry out, they are temporarily inactive. However, they can still cause uncomfortable symptoms and allergic reactions in humans such as itchy eyes, runny nose, skin rashes and coughing/sneezing.
In addition, dry mold spores are very light and can become airborne quite easily. This can quickly lead to spreading and the contamination of other areas of your home. As such, simply letting mold spores dry out without cleaning or wiping them away is not a good solution to any mold problem.
Depending on the size of the mold contamination, you may either clean the mold yourself (good for small surface mold problems) or contact mold remediation professionals for safe removal of larger mold problems.
At what humidity does mold die?
One way of controlling mold growth is maintaining proper humidity levels in your home. The volume of moisture in one cubic meter of air differs as a function of the air temperature. In other words, warm air absorbs moisture more than cold air. The ideal relative humidity inside your home is anywhere between 30% and 50% if you want to prevent mold.
Using exhaust fans in bathrooms and kitchens where steam tends to accumulate from cooking and showering, improving ventilation, and investing in a dehumidifier are all simple ways of keeping relative humidity low. Open widows frequently to allow for sufficient air exchange, but close them when it rains to avoid moisture intrusion and condensation.
Will mold grow without moisture?
Mold absolutely needs moisture to grow, since its spores use oxygen and warmth to multiply. So the answer is yes; however, different types of mold require different amounts of moisture. In fact, some species of mold require vary little water and can actually survive in the desert. Your best bet to avoid major mold problems is to always dry wet or moist materials and surfaces.
Are dry mold spores harmful to human health?
People usually think that mold is harmless unless you touch it or eat it. However, because mold spores are microscopic in size, they can be easily inhaled, get trapped in our lungs, and cause a number of health problems.
There have been many studies conducted on the topic of mold and its potential health effects. Various agencies such as U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the World Health Organization and Health Canada agree that exposure to mold at home or at work increase the chances of getting a respiratory disease.
Since some molds produce allergens and others potentially toxic substances, inhaling the spores can cause:
- Allergic reactions
- Respiratory problems like asthma and wheezing
- Irritation of eyes, nose or skin
- Mental confusion
- Neurological problems
Once again, it is not enough to kill the mold, but also to remove it totally.
Should you remove dry mold?
Absolutely! Mold spores are quite ubiquitous, and while some of them can be removed easily during regular house cleaning, many will continue to grow in dark, damp corners of your home or behind walls. Any fungal spore should be removed physically.
Luckily, we have good news – you don’t need to spend a fortune to save your home. All you need to do is call our certified mold removal experts to inspect your property and develop a remediation strategy.
Whether your house has been heavily damaged by flooding or you simply have ongoing humidity problems within your home, there is a solution. Mold Busters services Ottawa and Montreal, helping you to eliminate mold from your home safely and quickly.
With all this being said, the best way of preventing mold is eliminating sources of moisture that fuel its growth. Keep the humidity inside your home within the recommended level and dry any water-damaged materials immediately.
And don’t hesitate to call for help if you discover mold already growing in your home. Remember, mold remediation is not a complicated process if done well!