With over 20 identified species, Bipolaris is a plant parasite that can be found in plant debris, soil, and a variety of other materials. It can grow in semi-dry environments and often wind disperses it through air.
Bipolaris species have a velvety or wool-like texture. They are initially white to greyish-brown and turn green to black over time. Bipolaris molds grow rapidly, becoming mature within five days.
Three species of Bipolaris are well known to be pathogenic to plants, particularly grasses: B. spicifera, B. australiensis and B. hawaiiensis. Reportedly,Bipolaris produces a mycotoxin, which has been linked to liver and kidney damage in laboratory animals.
Bipolaris and your health
For humans, Bipolaris is a potential allergen that can cause allergic fungal sinusitis once inhaled. For people with severe allergies, the large spores of this fungus can attach to the mucous in the upper respiratory tract and grow, causing a persistent allergic reaction that gradually leads to permanent damage of the sinuses. In addition, some people exposed to Bipolaris may experience hay fever and asthma.
Luckily, this mold can be identified through various air sampling and surface sampling techniques. At Mold Busters, we provide same-day mold testing with fast and accurate results.