There are many different types of mold species on this Earth—some toxic, others harmless. At Mold Busters, we believe that important mold-related information should be readily available to and easily accessible by the public.
Our team has created a database of the most common species of mold found indoors so that residents of Ottawa, Montreal and surrounding areas can learn about various molds—what they look like, where they grow and how hazardous they are to human health.
Access to the mold library is FREE and extremely valuable. For more information about any of the molds listed in the library, call us and talk to a mold expert.
Absidia is definitely a mold to look out for, as it combines two properties that make it a serious threat to humans – it grows indoors and is a human pathogen.
Acremonium is a group of molds that can frequently be found indoors and several of its species are known human pathogens.
This fungal species was first described by French botanist Georges Bainier in 1916. It belongs to the Aspergillus genus of the Trichocomaceae family.
Aspergillus clavatus is a species of fungus that is widespread and can frequently be found growing in soil and animal manure. It is also common in cereal-based foods.
A. flavus is the second most common species to be identified in human infection, besides A. fumigatus. In nature, it is usually found growing in soil as well as dead plants and animals.
Aspergillus fumigatus is a species of fungus that causes a wide range of diseases in human beings. It is a spore-forming mold that readily grows in nature and infects a wide range of animal and plant species.
Aspergillus niger is a type of mold and the most common fungus in the Aspergillus genus.
Aspergillus ochraceus is a species of mold that is frequently found in grains, soil, and dried food products. This species produces ochratoxin A (OTA), a potent mycotoxin that can cause serious kidney damage.
Aspergillus sydowii is a species of fungus first described by French botanist and mycologist Georges Bainer in 1923. In nature, it is typically found in soil, on seeds and on decomposing organic matter.
Aspergillus versicolor is commonly found in soil and decaying organic matter, and has been known to develop on many kinds of food, including cereal grains, seeds, nuts, dried meats and dairy products.
The Aureobasidium genus comprises of over 15 species or varieties. The taxonomy of the Aureobasidium genus is still an area of dispute, with species often being reclassified as varieties and vice versa.
Basidiospores develop into many sorts of commonly found mold. These molds are identifiable by their MVOC (Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds) releases that have a unique musty and condensed smell.
Beauveria is a genus of entomopathogenic fungi. They are parasites of insects and other arthropods.
Bipolaris molds are plant parasites that are majorly found in plant debris, soil, and other plant materials. They are commonly associated several crop diseases, such as leaf spots, leaf blights, melting outs, root rots and foot rots.
The most common species of Botrytis, B.cinerea, is commonly referred to as gray mold. It first attacks a plant in the form of a white growth which over time develops into a gray mass with a velvety appearance.
The only known vascular wilt disease of wheats and grasses is known as Cephalosporium stripe, and is caused by the fungal pathogen Cephalosporium gramineum.
Cercospora sp. are fungal plant pathogens that cause Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) disease. The genus is abundant and they infect all types of plants.
Chaetomium molds are commonly found in soil, air, dung, and plant debris. The colonies are initially cottony and white in colour but turn greyish-green as they mature. They grow quickly, feeding off of any materials that contain cellulose such as paper, fabrics and drywall.
Chaetomium globosum is the most commonly found species of the genus Chaetomium, which belongs to the family Chaetomiaceae, order Sordiales, and division of Ascomycota.
Cladosporium is a common genus of fungi which can be found indoors and outdoors, growing on soil, moist surfaces or decaying organic matter.
Cladosporium cladosporioides can cause human mycotic infections, although very rare and predominantly concerning superficial infection cases.
Cladosporium herbarum is a mold belonging to the genus Cladosporium, and it is one of the most commonly found fungi, both indoors and outdoors.
One of the most unwanted and economically most significant phytopathogenic fungi is Claviceps purpurea, commonly known as rye ergot fungus.
Cryptococcus is a fungus which causes cryptococcosis, especially in individuals with suppressed immune systems. It comes in sexual and asexual forms.
Curvularia is a genus of fungi that mostly consists of plant pathogens, although several of its species can be harmful to humans as well.
What is Drechslera mold and how it can affect human health. Learn how to identify and properly remove Drechslera species from your home.
Epicoccum can colonize an extremely wide variety of substrates. It lives in soil all over the world and is often associated with aging or decaying plant material.
Eurotium is a genus that comprises the teleomorph forms of several Aspergillus species, notably the Aspergillus glaucus group.
Fusarium is a large and economically important genus of fungi. It includes numerous species and can be found worldwide.
Ganoderma is a genus of fungi that are renowned for their medicinal and pharmacological properties.
Geotrichum is a common fungus found worldwide. It grows on fruits, milk products, cereals, soil, air and plants. Geotrichum is also considered a normal part of human flora.
Memnoniella, a close relative of the infamous Stachybotrys molds, is a mold that commonly develops on water damaged construction material.
There is a tall list of Mucor mold infections and Mucormycosis is the most common among them. Also known as Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis infections refer to a wide array of ailments caused by the Mucorales gene of fungi like mucormycetes or mucor.
The Myxomycetes, or slime molds, are a group free living amoeboid protists with complicated life cycles.
Paecilomyces as a genus of saprotrophic fungi that is widespread in soil and decaying plant matter.
While Penicillium is typically non-pathogenic, there are a few exceptions. Some Penicillium species are capable of producing microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) and toxins that can be harmful to human health, especially upon long-term exposure.
P. chrysogenum colonies are blue-green in colour with a yellowish pigment often appearing as well. However, identifying P. chrysogenum based on colour alone is not possible.
Penicillium echinulatum is a member of the well-known genus Penicillium which contains over 300 species of fungi.
Penicillium roqueforti s a saprophytic fungus that grows in natural environments: forest, soil, wood, and plant parts.
Penicillium stoloniferum belongs to the well-known genus Penicillium which contains over 300 species of saprophytic fungi.
Phoma is a genus of fungal organisms that is widespread throughout the world – its species are commonly found in soil, organic matter, plants and also in aquatic environments.
Poria Incrassata differs in several important characteristics from most other building decay fungi. Its ability to attack wood of most species and to conduct water to the decay site accounts for its destructiveness.
Rhizopus microsporus is primarily a fungal plant pathogen that affects corn, sunflower, and rice.
Rhizopus oligosporus is a mold belonging to the family Mucoraceae and is widely used for the production of fermented food products.
Rhizopus oryzae, also known as Rhizopus arrhizus, can be viewed as a double-faced mold.
Schizophyllum commmune, commonly known as Split-gill fungus, is the most famous species of the order Schizophyllales which belongs to phylum Basidiomycota.
Scopulariopsis, discovered by Bainier (1907), is a genus of fibrous fungi belonging to the group Hiphomicetes. Learn all about Scopulariopsis
Serpula lacrymans is a species of mold that is well known for causing dry rot of wood in many buildings. It is highly destructive, spreading over wooden structures and degrading the cellulose in them.
Smuts are characterized by the formation of dark, thick-walled spores called teliospores. There are approximately 1640 species that are regarded as ‘true’ smuts, most of them belonging to the Basidiomycota division.
Sporothrix schenckii complex is a dimorphic fungus from the phylum Ascomycota, well-known for causing the disease sporotrichosis that infects humans and animals.
Stachybotrys is a genus of molds that can be found worldwide, in both indoor and outdoor settings. This article reviews this group of molds, their characteristics, the effects they can have on human health as well as sure ways of removing Stachybotrys mold.
Stemphylium is a well-known monophyletic genus of ubiquitous, dematiaceous filamentous ascomycetes, classified in the Pleosporaceae family of fungi.
Trichophyton is a genus of fungi that belongs to the group known as dermatophytes. This group of closely related fungi have the ability to invade keratinized tissue like skin, nails and hair and produce an infection.
Trichosporon species are urease-positive, non-encapsulated basidiomycetous yeast-like anamorphic organisms with no known sexual state.
Ulocladium colonies can be brown, grey or black, with a texture that resembles suede, cotton or wool. Ulocladium grows moderately fast (reaching maturity within 5 days) and typically disperses its spores by air.
Wallemia fungi are characterised by their low requirement for water and their ability to colonize environments with high amounts of salt.